Photography in Malta – The History and the Protagonists

Photography in Malta – The History and the Protagonists
by Kevin Casha

“This study is a serious attempt to document the history of photography in Malta. It is a continuous work in progress on which I hope others will build upon. My wish is that it will serve both as an inspiration as well as a reference for future scholars and researchers of photography. I strongly hope that this book makes the fascinating story of Maltese photography and its photographers better known and appreciated not only by the Maltese but also by a global public.”

Kevin Casha

Floriana © Kevin Casha

Floriana © Kevin Casha

Book Synopsis:

Over the last two decades, photography has increased its popularity in an exponential manner. The advent of digital technology has enabled people from all over the world to be able to engage themselves with this medium. This has had a noticeable influence on the way photography is being looked at in our time. The medium has become an ingrained part of our everyday life and, with the ease of current advances in media technology, the sharing and proliferation of images has not only boomed but has created an increasing thirst for knowledge in all spheres of art and research in this fascinating art form.
This book aims at filling a glaring gap, not only in local circles but also in international photography, by delving in depth on the history of photography of Malta and its photographers. Photography arrived in Malta in 1842, approximately just two years after its introduction on mainland Europe. Unfortunately most of its exponents have been neglected or even forgotten. Through in-depth research and over 500 predominantly unpublished images, this book attempts to trace the origins of photography on our island as well as the fascinating stories of many of Malta’s photographic protagonists. From the first French photographers who introduced photography to island, moving onto the many British exponents and covering early pioneer Maltese photographers, this publication takes the reader all the way up to the introduction of Digital technology.
Photography in Malta – Its History and Protagonists, is not only a treasure trove of vintage photographs but a much needed reference in the field of local photography.

© Kevin Casha

The Chapter Contents include:

Foreword by Dr. Giovanni Bonello
Chapter 1: The Initial Spark – The French Connection
Chapter 2: The British Invasion
Chapter 3: War and Technology
Chapter 4: The Appearance of the first Maltese Photographers
Chapter 5: The Ellis Photographers
Chapter 6: The Proliferation of Photography in Malta
Chapter 7: Photography moves gradually towards art.
Chapter 8: The Struggle of Maltese Photography in Peace time
Chapter 9: Other early photographers of note associated with Malta.
Chapter 10: The influence of other significant protagonists up to the end of the twentieth-century.
Chapter 11: Photographic Groups, Associations and education in Malta.
Chapter 12: Digital – The Game changer
Chapter 13: Conclusion

© Kevin Casha

© Kevin Casha

© Kevin Casha

© Kevin Casha

FOR ALL SALES ENQUIRIES, CONTACT THE AUTHOR ON kevcash@maltanet.net

BEYOND BORDERS – The storytelling…

The following are the interviews and portraits of all the participants:

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MATIFADZA NYAMUKAPA

MATIFADZA NYAMUKAPA
Born 1991 in Zimbabwe
Religion: Pentacostal

Zimbabwean born Matifadza (Mati for short) considers herself to have strong ties to her parents and elder brother, who still all reside in Africa. She finished her university studies in Cyprus and obtained a job through the European Erasmus plus programme. After a while, she came to know of a possible internship in Malta through Alec Douglas of Cross Culture International Foundation and, after applying, she was accepted. Primarily her internship involves work revolving around human resources and administration.

Although she has not been staying long in Malta, she actually arrived in September 2015; she has resided at various places around the island, namely Tarxien, Marsascala, Sliema, Swatar and Fgura! She was particularly fond of her Sliema and Marsascala residential periods as in these two towns she found friendly and helpful people. She finds Malta relatively cheaper and more manageable to live in than other countries that she has already resided in, yet she misses her family and the African food. On the other hand, she is glad to be able to explore and work in different and interesting places such as Malta. In fact, she is still young and, as most youths do, she does not intend to become tied so early to just one place, instead she would rather experience life wherever there is an opportunity for her to take.

When recounting about her experience in Malta, she has encountered some instances where she felt discriminated against or where people acted in a rude manner towards her. She particularly recalled one situation when she had to visit the Paola health clinic and she was left for a long time waiting to see a doctor. To make matters worse, the doctor on duty did not even see her and just left his cubicle even though he knew she was waiting for him to call her inside! On another occasion, whilst making a purchase in a shop, the shop owner threw the receipt at her in a very rude way and he didn’t even give her the change. She would have liked to assert her rights but decided against it for obvious reasons. Like many migrants she has found nurturing Maltese friends rather difficult and she primarily networks and relates more with her workmates and a handful of Maltese she has met at church. However, she still considers her stay in Malta to be a positive one and she particularly likes the scenery and the sea views of the island.

For her, it is vital that migrants should not be intimidated by the somewhat aloof air of the Maltese when they come in contact with migrants. The latter themselves need to try and make an effort to befriend and approach the Maltese and vice versa. Through her experience with the NGO she works with, she has found that the best way of approaching migrant communities is through someone who already has gained their trust; usually a common local person rather than a government official. In that manner a better more speedy understanding and rapport can be established and migrants can easily discover who really wants to help them. In fact, she has found certain migrant parents understandably wary of allowing their children to be educated and helped. This is natural as most of these migrants would not have had enough information and confidence as to who is trying to help out and who is perhaps trying to exploit and take advantage.

STEPHEN EGBO

STEPHEN EGBO
Born 1978 in Nigeria
Religion: Christian

Stephen did not leave Nigeria for just economical reasons. In his own words, his Nigerian family is well-off and they come from a good social background. In 2006, he left Nigeria in order to see more of the world as he loves to travel and discover other lands, cultures and societies. He arrived in Europe through France, going then straight to Italy where he worked in a restaurant. It is there that he met and married his present wife, a Hungarian who was also employed in Italy. After marriage, Stephen and his wife moved to Hungary where he worked with a manufacturing company. Hungary was not so economically sound and Stephen had a language communication problem. Thus, in 2010, the couple decided to move to Malta. This became possible because due to his marriage Stephen had gained the ability to move freely across European Union countries.
The couple’s main reason for choosing the island was that language in Malta was not a problem. Stephen, like most Nigerians, speaks good English so he could easily communicate with the Maltese. The weather was another deciding factor as Malta’s climate bears many similarities to that of Nigeria. In fact, Stephen feels it was the correct move as he declares that if he was to choose the best country he has yet resided in, he has no hesitation in selecting Malta. It is interesting that on his arrival at Luqa airport, he felt quite at home as not only were the local buses of the same colour as those in Nigeria but, at that time, the attitude of the drivers was also similar! Now he is pleased to note that bus drivers are smarter, more polite and more ready to communicate with foreigners.

In Malta, Stephen, who is of Christian faith, has worked with a telephone company and two security companies – JF and Group 4. He currently works for the latter and is mainly employed as security at ST Electronics. He enjoys his job and likes keeping fit by paying regular visits to a gym. He loves swimming and due to the island’s normally temperate weather, tries to find every opportunity to avail himself of the sea’s benefits. Stephen wants to improve his level of education so that he can better his family’s situation, thus he is attending a part time evening course in information technology at MCAST. Improved income would also enable him to better help out his relatives back in Nigeria – something which all Nigerians feel dutifully bound to do. In Malta, his wife managed to immediately secure a job and works at a hotel as a housekeeper. Curiously, Stephen thinks that his wife had been more discriminated than him and it took her more time to feel part of the community. Perhaps this is due to her quiet, shy and reserved disposition. The couple would be happy to raise their children in Malta but they would make sure that their children were aware of the background of their parents and that they would be taught to embrace a mixed culture community.

On the subject of employment, Stephen is adamantly opposed to people begging. He believes that with determination, hard work and good will, anyone can manage to earn an honest living. He further feels that during his stay in Malta, there has been a gradual improvement at how Maltese view foreigners. As Maltese travel, marry foreigners, work abroad and get in touch with other cultures, they evolve from an insular mentality to a global appreciation; they will realise that although there are different races, we are all human beings. Persons must not generalize – there are good and bad elements in all societies; people should definitely not judge other human beings by the colour of their skin or their country of origin Knowledge, respect, tolerance, integration, and inclusion are the keys to a better world.

GISELLA ORSINI

GISELLA ORSINI
Born in 1983 in ITALY
Religion: Atheist

In 2009, Gisella, a typical independent European girl and the youngest of three sisters, left her parent’s home to live on her own. This is quite different to most Maltese youths who, for economic reasons as well as an ingrained cultural attachment to family life, seem not so inclined towards independent living as their European counterparts. This dependence to the somewhat sheltered life provided by their parents and their community may sometimes lead to a less sympathetic outlook on the plight of migrants coming to the island.

In search of travel and expanding her education, she chose to come to Malta mainly due to ease of communication as she is quite fluent in English. Initially, she found an opportunity to come as a volunteer through the European Voluntary Service (EVS) scheme and worked on a cultural project with the Fondazzjoni Temi Zammit on the rehabilitation of Strait Street, in Valletta. She was employed as project manager and thrown in rather at the deep end having to perform a wide amount of tasks which were outside her initial remit. At times, during this period, she was rather taken aback by the somewhat disorganised Maltese mentality. Furthermore, before moving to Malta, Gisella had lived in Marseilles where she noticed and cherished the open mindedness of the people there. In fact, it was a bit of a culture shock when she came to Malta and struggled to make new friends. She feels that minds tend to remain less open to change in small cities than in larger metropolis.

She considers herself as an outgoing person and enjoys socialising, yet, perhaps because of her Serbian partner, most locals seem to keep away from her. She had met her partner only four days after her arrival in Malta and it is a common, irritable occurrence to hear derogatory and prejudiced comments against Serbians from the Maltese. She also feels that in Malta there is a particular stigma against black people. It is strange that there is still this resistance to migrants when the island has such a long history of foreign rule and tourism is one of its main industries. This could possibly stem from the fact that a substantial number of migrants cannot communicate through language and this presents a stiff barrier to integration. The importance of elementary education should be underlined and encouraged for migrants, particularly starting with the very young. Most of these migrants embark on this difficult journey because of economic reasons or as refugees and probably will actually return to their countries should the situation improve. Thus by improving their level of education they will more likely have a better future. Those migrants who remain in the new country need to learn as much as possible about their new home and take heed not only of their rights but also of their responsibilities. Perhaps integration through practical support should be pressed more by the authorities.

On a totally different subject, Gisella wistfully misses well organised bicycle lanes on the island. The current chaotic arrangement is not conducive to cycling as one can easily risk his life. If this would be rectified, it would surely reflect in a healthier future population as well as reduce the problems of congested traffic. Gisella has a University of Malta PhD in Anthropology and is currently employed in a part time capacity and seeking a full time job.

DOUNIA BORG

DOUNIA BORG
Born 1971 in MOROCCO
Religion: ARABIC MUSLIM

Dounia initially came to Malta for a holiday after being encouraged by some friends and, whilst on the island, she met her Maltese husband. It was a whirlwind romance because after only a few days her husband proposed, Dounia accepted and they applied for civil union, and subsequently got married in 1994.

Prior to this, whilst she was in Morocco, Dounia had gained a diploma in sciences and began working at the customs department of her own country. At the beginning, she only had a basic command of English and definitely no experience of the Maltese language – she even had difficulty to communicate with her husband. Yet, Dounia is a determined woman and she wanted to make herself useful whilst on the island. This spurred her to take up evening courses in Maltese and English in order to better empower herself. In 1999, she accepted to represent her children’s primary school in Żebbuġ as a voluntary parent leader. Things moved fast and she was soon elected as PRO for the school council and even represented Malta and the same council in a European event in 2007. Her determination enabled her to land her first real paid job with the Fondazzjoni Edukattiva working on a European Union project called ‘Portafol’. Concurrently she made time to participate in a Maltese television programme with Claudette Pace that mainly provided Dounia with the opportunity of promoting Moroccan food and cooking. The project eventually spawned the publishing of a book on Moroccan cooking. This publication came out in 2009 through Sierra Publishers. Dounia does not do things in half measures and successfully underwent a course at the Institute of Tourism Studies in order to be better positioned to write and prepare the book. The catering business enthused her and she moved into working at a Maltese restaurant, however tutoring is her main passion and between 2010 and 2015 she has been teaching part time courses in Arabic and French to adults. In 2012, her innate drive to better her community led her to sit for local elections in Żebbuġ and then at St. Paul’s Bay in 2015. Unfortunately, she was not elected – it is not an easy task for a Muslim to be elected by the Maltese people even at local council level, but Dounia showed that she was not afraid of being a pioneer. In fact, she is not to be discouraged and in 2018 will again contest the elections in the 7th district of Żebbuġ.

Dounia’s first impression of Malta was that its society still treasures family values and close bonds are kept between children and parents. She feels that she was quickly and openly accepted in her village community of Żebbuġ. Initially she could sense some trepidation when people learned that she was Moroccan but as soon as they got to know her better, barriers dissipated in a short time. Learning Maltese has further helped her to get closer to the Maltese and learn more of the way their society functions. She believes that migrants should retain their own identity but that they should respect the laws of Malta and know well their responsibilities. She loves the family culture of Malta and the willing friendliness of her neighbours. For her, Malta feels like a second home and she enjoys the summer and warm weather which is quite similar to Morocco. When she compares the Maltese education system with that of her own country, she finds the former much more structured and competent. To her, this is important as her future is strongly connected to her children and giving them the opportunities that she herself lacked is paramount. She also feels strongly that all people should make an attempt to properly get to know a stranger before judging and discriminating against that person. The key to a better society is to acquire knowledge of each other’s culture and background and making a sincere effort to treat everyone as equal. Migrants need also accept and adapt to their situation, even though sometimes they may want to go elsewhere. They should never impose on society but rather think of contributing to their newly adopted country. For Dounia everyone should have equal rights.

The Moroccan Community in Malta amounts to around 250 families and there is a registered NGO to cater for the needs of this group. It is part of the LEAP project that aims at helping Moroccans to integrate better into the Maltese community and to know their responsibilities and their rights. Most Moroccans staying in Malta have a legal work permit or are married to Maltese citizens. Currently Dounia is the vice president of the Migrant Women Association Malta; an NGO that guides social victims and refugees coming from any nation or religion.

DANIELLE VAN ROOYEN


Ms. DANIELLE VAN ROOYEN
Born 1984 in SOUTH AFRICA
Religion: Christian

Danielle oozes an amazing positive spirit which is both admirable and delightfully infective. She has been in the teaching profession for over 8 years, spending three of them in South Africa at a multicultural private girls’ school, then in Cambodia teaching languages in an international entity and another year at a school in Khartoum, Sudan. In 2015, she was actively considering a change and, as so often happens, fate intervened and she was offered a teaching job in Malta. She had hardly heard about the island however she accepted. Today she teaches French and English languages and works in the same school’s Creativity Activity Service (CAS) programme. It was here that she first made contact with Malta’s Cross Culture International Foundation Initially, when she arrived here in August 2015, coming straight from a somewhat conservative country, the first thing she remembers most was her surprise at the scant manner that some girls dressed!

She considers Malta a country of social contrasts and convictions. Grey areas are somewhat absent and the Maltese are usually passionate about their convictions and beliefs. This may not always be to the detrimental as at times, the “middle ground” can be boring and not so stimulating. She also admires the fact that many Maltese hold to their traditions and roots as this helps maintain their interesting identity. On the other side of the coin, through her own experience, the Maltese are then quick to love and be loved. It does seem to take a considerable amount of time and effort to establish Maltese friends but the minute one makes the attempt, the locals are very forthcoming. This is quite similar to many other countries that have tight knit communities.

She loves living and working in Malta as she feels she has regained her own personal space. At first, this sounds rather strange, given the fact that she hails from such a large country as South Africa and that Malta is so tiny and crowded. Moreover she finds that the safety and liberty she encounters on the island is exceptional: she can go out late at night, exercise her jogging early in the morning or walk to school and not feel afraid. This freedom, together with the beautiful Maltese scenery, has beneficially impacted her everyday lifestyle.

Her feelings on how to actively improve integration between the Maltese and migrants are quite clear: it is those having the “power” who need to first extend their hand and help in order to “empower” those who are still trying to find their way in a country and society which is not their own. In fact, migrants cannot realistically do the first initial steps but local authorities and NGOs and, more importantly, individuals can. It is building face to face relationships between individuals which makes a foreigner feel part of a community. More specific programmes should be put into effect by the government with regards to this. Such initiatives need to be primarily aimed at bringing Maltese and migrants together through common interests such as, amongst others, music, art, dress, education and food.

ENDELEY KONBOYE

ENDELEY KONBOYE
Born in NIGERIA
Religion: Christian

Endeley came to Malta due to economical problems and a corrupt government in his country – Nigeria. Whilst still in his home country, he was working in an oil production facility but the facility was leaving a negative environmental impact on nearby surroundings. After a military coup and widespread corruption, his village was burnt down during a legitimate protest. Current Nigerian president supports an Islamic state and furthermore he used to represent Boko Haram. Nigeria’s previous leader, “Good Luck” Jonathan was more liberal and did not interfere with the judicial system. The problem of terrorism was amplified because for over 30 years, the Nigerian military was not adequately supplied with hardware and updated equipment which resulted in their failure to strongly contrast the militant group.

Endeley never intended to leave Nigeria before these events occurred, but when the police started harassing him, he decided it was time to leave. He set off from south Nigeria to the north, spending a night in Kano, and subsequently travelled on foot through Niger by hitching lifts on trucks and finally entered Libya through a border crossing. He remained 8 months in Tripoli where he frequently fell victim to prejudice and discrimination. He felt gradually depressed and actually contemplated going back to Nigeria. He recalls that migrant Christians were particularly treated badly, arrested in the streets with no reason and at times, after working for a whole week, he was not paid. Whilst in Libya he stayed with a friend and heard about Malta for the first time through a person from Congo.

Eventually, another friend of his, who knew the ropes of clandestine travel, helped him and arranged for his trip. The trip to Malta was not easy and due to his previous experience with boats in Nigeria, he was tasked to pilot the boat. They were around 36 persons on the vessel, which was intended to go to Italy. The group left from Misurata in 2004 and after two days and two nights they ended up in Malta due to a navigational mistake. They were picked up by the Armed Forces of Malta and escorted to the island. In Malta, he was taken to the detention centre in Safi where he was generally well treated. His first application for asylum was rejected and the resulting 18 months, first at the detention centre and then at the Marsa open centre, were difficult. He tried his best not to dwell on this situation and playing football regularly kept him sane. When he was transferred to the open centre, it was an improvement as he was free to move around and he could look for employment. After two weeks he landed a job with a construction company and moved to Mtarfa. In 2006/7 he tried to play and train with Santa Lucija Football Club but found it difficult as he still had to work to maintain himself. Subsequently he worked with the Arriva bus company but after the latter stopped operating prematurely, he luckily managed to get a job with Island Beverages(H2O) who treated him with respect.

Endeley considers himself fortunate that three years ago he met a Maltese girl through the internet and, in 2012, they eventually married. Her father, who hails from Cospicua, is a kind and honest person and Endeley had no problems being accepted by his wife’s family. He considers Malta a safe country and loves the similar warm weather he was used to in Nigeria. However the cold, humid spells frequently encountered during Malta’s winters took him some time to get used to.
His father, who is now over 72 years old, is a respected village chief (similar to a village mayor) and comes from what is considered a royal blood-line in Nigeria. Endeley tries to support his Nigerian parents, who had 18 children, as best as he can and he frequently talks to his mother who is happy for what he has found in Malta. After 5 years married to his Maltese wife, he looks forward to gaining Maltese citizenship and raising a family in Malta – although one has to be careful as it is economically difficult to have children today. He says there is nothing to dislike about Malta; he loves the environment, the sea, and the lifestyle. He wishes to study further and his dream is to work in music production. He was already doing music mixing and mastering in Nigeria. He is definitely a diligent and forward-looking person and his iron determination will surely enable him to succeed.

MARYGRACE CANNAO


MARYGRACE CANNAO
Born 1990 in MALTA
Religion: Catholic

Mary Grace was actually born in Malta in 1990, but she has spent most of her life in Italy. Her father is Italian whilst her mother is Maltese. She has 2 older brothers.

In November 2015, she came back to Malta from Sicily, looking for a better economical and job situations on the Island. Being herself of Maltese origin, she had no problem at all in being accepted in Malta and fortunately had no issues whatsoever with regards to discrimination. At present, she is working in Malta on a traineeship scheme with the Employment and Training Corporation (ETC).

In the past few months, she struggled to adapt to the Maltese context and to make new friends in Malta and although back in Sicily she has a lot of friends with whom she often hangs out, the situation in Malta is completely the opposite. However, since she joined the non-profit organisation she works with, she started meeting people and making friends and this makes her stay in Malta more pleasant. Mary Grace has a passion for literature, she loves reading books and this is a great opportunity for her to improve her Maltese and English languages as although she can speak and understand both, she still struggles to express herself as easily as she can in Italian. She stresses that communication is ever so important if integration can flourish at all. More should be done by the responsible authorities as well as by NGOs to try and raise awareness particularly in those persons who are neither for nor against migration and integration. Granted, it is a very difficult situation, but more so for this purpose it is vital that this section of society should be researched and studied. A factual knowledge on what actually makes such persons undecided or downright contrary to migration needs to be identified in order to be effectively addressed. If such obstacles are not known, how can they be removed? All strategies should be based on factual statistics and empirical research as this will ensure that available resources and efforts are not wasted or misdirected and put to the best use possible. Maltese people should also attempt to learn more the background and culture of migrants and migrants, on their part, should learn more in depth what is the culture of the Maltese. This is only possible through education and bringing people from all walks of life together. It has to be a fair trade between all sides and all sections of society need to do their part.

She feels that her stay in Malta has been a happy and fruitful one, yet she misses Italy and her hometown and should the opportunity arise to find a satisfactory employment, she would not hesitate to go back to her country.

VANJA VAJAGIC


VANJA VAJAGIĆ
Born in Serbia in 1991
Religion: Orthodox

A refreshingly vibrant and positive person, Vanja came to Malta with a visa in February 2015. Her parents, who are still both alive, were happy that she opted to go to a European country instead of a far away continent. Prior to coming to Malta, Vanja had already obtained a BA (Hons.) in Special Rehabilitation and Education – module drug addiction. Vanja had served her internship in United States of America on drug addiction rehabilitation with war veterans from Afghanistan, Iraq, and Iran etc. Her final thesis was on Differences in Personality Traits between heroin addicts and the general population. In Serbia, besides the high rate of unemployment, the average wage is around €350 a month and, mostly due to this situation, the country is unfortunately plagued with crime. Everyday needs are also as expensive as those in Malta, so one can imagine the difficulties encountered in this central European country. Vanja learned about Malta only through geography. She had already successfully gained a Master degree in drug addiction rehabilitation in Serbia but, besides securing a job, she wanted to further her studies on the island.

In Malta, she started giving counselling sessions to drug addicts through a Sedqa internship programme but due to the fact that she was not a European Union citizen; she was not given a permanent job. When applying for work in Malta, employers found excuses such as that she was over-qualified or that she was friendly with Africans so she could carry diseases! Furthermore, for a Third Country National (TCN) to find employment in Malta, the job in question must not be able to be carried out by an EU citizen as the latter are always given preferential treatment over TCNs. She feels that she has had a somewhat cold reception from Maltese society and some people shrink away when she is seen with Africans. Particularly in Paceville, it is a frequent occasion that persons come over to ask black people to leave a public place. Whilst in Malta, the people who have helped her most are actually Africans; Sudanese, Nigerians, Ghanaians and Eritreans have all been willing to help her even though they have their own dire situations. An exception to the rule is Dr. George Grech, from Sedqa, who has been a real friend for Vanja.
Recently, she was working as an assistant and receptionist at a dental clinic. She is sure that she would not have secured this employment if she was a black person, as the clinic would surely lose clients because of racial prejudice. She is currently collaborating and working with the Franciscan Capuchin friars and helping to establish a “Foundation of Peace and Good” (called ‘Pace e Bene’). The main aim of this foundation is to support and educate migrants, particularly Africans and East Europeans, in order to prevent drug addiction. Education is the most vital part of integration – both Maltese and migrants need to be educated so that they can then themselves be empowered to go out into society and schools in order to educate other migrants. Apart from communication skills, factors that help integration are music, food, and better knowledge of other cultures, customs and art. On the other hand, religion and politics can often divide if not rightly understood.

The creation of setting up an open informal multi-racial forum where people can just meet, network and share their experiences can surely aid integration and enable migrants to start really feeling part of a community. Major problems that migrants face are the lack of job prospects and a dearth of opportunities that could otherwise help them mix with Maltese society. A further worry is that a substantial number of migrants come from countries that totally ban alcohol and then, suddenly, they are plunged into a totally new system on arrival in European countries. Some of these tend to stray into alcoholism as a way of becoming ‘accepted’ by their new communities or self-medicating their trauma in a bid to reduce their high level of anxiety. Naturally, language and communication are vitally important. Vanja would like to have a future with UNHCR through a scholarship, perhaps in Africa, in order to beneficially contribute on surmounting migration problems.

SAMPSON YEBOAH

SAMPSON YEBOAH
Born 1985 in GHANA
Religion: Pentecostal

Sampson comes from a numerous Ghanaian family of 8 children. He decided to leave Ghana due to economic difficulties as well as because of the impossibility to finish his studies in his home country. Initially, he went to Italy and remained there for five years, working with a company involved in travel and tourism. He dearly wished to continue his studies in Italy but he found it quite challenging as Italian is a requirement and he couldn’t communicate in their language. Eventually, a friend of his told him about Malta which is English friendly with more than 80% of the population able to speak English. This decided him to come to the island where he could communicate much more easily in the English language. He actually did not have a passion for the travel and tourism business, instead he was always fascinated by computers and information technology. When he arrived in Malta, in 2012, he enrolled for a course at the Institute of Computer Education (ICE) and, after just seven months, he successfully obtained a certification in IT Essentials.

He had to pay for this course as it was run by a private college and this, coupled with the cost of accommodation and food, proved extremely hard to maintain without a job. Initially, Sampson stayed for two months with another Ghanaian friend who was already living in Malta. Sampson’s friend supported him in his most difficult period. However, this could not go on indefinitely and at a certain point he had to go into employment. He worked in the construction business for five months where he used to typically work from 7am to 5pm for just €30! Coming from a student background, he was not cut out for this work and discontinued as he could not take the hardship and the stress anymore. He promptly began searching for another job but it was nearly impossible to get a work permit. His lucky break came when another African friend, who ran an internet cafè and call centre, employed him on a trial period. He has now been at this workplace for over a year and has managed to slowly ameliorate his situation. Still, he needs to keep investing in tools and software for his trade as it is his dream to become an Internet Service Provider (ISP). This is undoubtedly a slow process due to his limited means.

He feels that Malta is somewhat better than Italy as far as discrimination and prejudice are concerned. However, he has had some bad experiences such as when his tablet computer was stolen from him. This was a huge blow due to his meager resources. On a different occasion, when he went to an office to apply for an IT job, he was plainly told that his place was working in the construction business. On yet another instant, while Sampson was working at the internet cafè, a person brought in a computer for repair which had been stolen. The police ended up interrogating Sampson, who had no idea about this. When faced with discrimination, he tries hard not to react in a bad way, but on the contrary attempts to reason or do things which will impress his detractors. The job situation for migrants in Malta is dire even when migrants are either professionals or talented. Employers take advantage of the migrants’ desperate need for money and that is how a number of migrants end up accepting underpaid jobs. Migrants argue amongst themselves because when a migrant refuses to accept a job due to bad pay or conditions, there a host of others ready to accept those same conditions. It is in fact a “take it or leave it” situation for most migrants.

In detention centers and migrant communities, religion also tends to divide, particularly when it is of the extremist type. Education is the basis for integration and migrants need also explore and appreciate the point of view of the Maltese. Like most black migrants, Sampson has very few Maltese friends; in fact he has only one good Maltese friend and this is probably because she is married to an African man and is thus sympathetic of the situation of such migrants. Not only does Sampson need to maintain himself in Malta but, back in Nigeria, he has an eight year old girl whom he must support and send to a private school.

UMAYMA ELAMIN


UMAYMA ELAMIN
Born in Sudan in 1972
Religion: Muslim

Umayma is married to a Sudanese diplomat who worked in Libya. She had met her husband whilst working in a bank in Sudan, her home country. In Sudan not much progress seems to have been achieved and, although good education and involvement in politics do exist, there are still not enough fair opportunities for everyone. Due to the Libyan civil war and the subsequent unrest, the couple did not want to remain there, particularly because of their young children; one son and one daughter. Their children’s education is of the utmost importance and after considering various options, they chose to come to Malta due to better language communication. Eventually, the children were enrolled at the Verdala International School. They took a little while to adapt to the school’s different American styled education system; it was a far cry from the ones they had previously engaged with in Libya and Sudan. On the other hand, as most students come from a wide variety of countries and cultures, it was relatively easy for the children to integrate at Verdala. Umayma considers the schooling of her children as the most important issue for their future and would like them to successfully finish secondary school and perhaps even continue their studies at Malta University. Due to the nature of his work, her husband is often abroad so most of the responsibilities of raising the children fall on her shoulders.

In Malta, Umayma is actively involved in volunteering work in order to help women combat discrimination and enhance their level of education. It is vital for migrants to gain knowledge and become aware of their rights, the availability of training programmes and any other schemes that are available and will help them settle in their new land. Achieving a healthy community is a two way process; both migrants and the Maltese should endeavour to integrate. The way forward is for everyone to learn each other’s culture and way of life. More needs to be done in schools to teach local children about the countries of origin of migrants and more should also be done to educate migrants about their new host country. In most of the countries of origin of migrants and refugees, particularly those coming from Muslim societies, a woman’s role is entirely different from that in western countries. Women are mostly kept back and so it is beneficial to educate and empower them so that they can live better lives whilst enjoying the same rights that their male counterparts do.

She admires the work being done by most church entities in Malta as here all migrants are welcome with no discrimination of country, race, colour or religion. In 2015, Umayma founded the Migrant Woman Association (Malta) and has been its president ever since. The main aims of this association are to educate and empower women. SOS Malta enthusiastically supports this association and has even provided them with the use of a temporary office. The association actively sources out and encourages persons to join up and become part of the group. SOS Malta helped in no small way to support Umayma’s work in the community. George from SOS Malta, a friend of Umayma, is always ready to give her valid advice on practical matters. Fr. Alfred, a parish priest at St Julian’s openly welcomed her in church and she considers him an amazing individual. She regularly networks with social groups and participates in events at the church; this has enabled her to become more knowledgeable about Maltese society. She also mentioned the great help and friendship of “her guardian angel;” Claudia Taylor East, the chief executive officer of SOS Malta. Umayma’s command of the English language has helped immensely as she can easily communicate and gain support particularly in the Swieqi area, where she resides. She has found that the majority of people in Malta have been very welcoming and only a few individuals showed a negative approach to her, such as in a bus or at a shop.

For Umayma, education and language are the main keys towards better integration and empowerment. This is not surprising for a woman who has graduated in management from Khartoum University; worked as an accountant in a private company, a translator in the Saudi Arabian embassy in Zambia and has been involved in the public relation sectors in Sudan and Libya.

JOSEPH JNR ONONUJU

JOSEPH JNR ONONUJU
Born 1989 in Nigeria

Joseph’s passion has always been football, and his early life revolves around the game. Since childhood, his natural talent has inspired him to work in the field he likes best. His talent did not go unnoticed as he had been chosen to train at the Pepsi Academy in Nigeria and he was selected for the Nigerian under 16 squad that represented the country during the World under-16 championships in Austria, in 2004. The Nigerians won the youth tournament, achieving the country’s first ever world title at international level.

The tournament was the ideal platform for Joseph’s skills to be noticed by talent scouts and in 2005 an Italian contact invited him to Italy for trials. The Italian club arranged everything for Joseph and, in order to play there, he was actually adopted by an Italian family in Mantova. Eventually, he was engaged to play with Montechiaro, a Serie C 1 team in Brescia. His stay in Italy continued for five years with various stints and trials until a move to France in 2010 when Joseph went to play for Rouen. This move did not really work out and after only one year, Joseph moved on to Poland and started playing with Zawakwe FC.
Joseph still considers Italy his second home, however he felt too cut off and lonely in France. Nigerians are traditionally very attached to their families and it is one of Joseph’s main hardships to be separated from his relatives for a long time. Like most Nigerians, Joseph had learned the English language when still at school as Nigeria puts a lot of effort in teaching children this very important language. There is a high rate of English speakers in Nigeria and for the less academic, a vernacular form of practicing the English language is in everyday use. This ‘pidgeon’ English enables more rural Nigerians to communicate between themselves through a common language. This is more than necessary as there are 366 different ethnic languages in Nigeria!

Joseph’s stay in Poland did not endure either, and in 2013, after less than three years, a chance arose for him to come to Malta. This constant moving is also due to the fact that a third country national can normally only manage to obtain permission to stay in a country for up to two years. After that, it becomes harder to get the necessary permits to remain in the country. Most players in this situation are rarely given contracts of over two years. In Joseph’s own words, the system is difficult for those wanting to settle down in one place. When a Maltese football manager contacted him and offered him to come to the island to play football for Kirkop, Joseph accepted. He was not too happy in Poland and it was there that he felt racial discrimination the most. Many a time he was looked upon with distrust, called names and threatened. To add to all this, he had also struggled to communicate as most Poles do not speak English. To the contrary, Joseph settled well in Malta and eventually moved on to Marsascala FC, the club he is still currently playing with. A positive influence on Joseph has been the President of Marsascala, Reuben Buttigieg, who he considers as his second father. Reuben’s attitude towards foreigners was different from that of others and he has always been at hand to offer advice and help. Joseph is definitely not an idle person and besides playing full-time for Marsascala, he wanted to do other things. In 2014, Reuben, who is also a shrewd businessman, offered Joseph the chance to manage a sports shop in Marsascala. The latter willingly accepted and he now happily runs this outlet, called Maskot, which is ideally associated with what he knows best – sport. Joseph realises that playing football is not forever and his future ambition is to branch out more into business.

Joseph met his Maltese wife through a friend and the chemistry between them was instant. They married in 2014 and live at Swieqi. Vicki, Joseph’s wife, is a make-up artist by profession. Her general friendly attitude, sociable approach and manners immediately attracted Joseph who was convinced that she was the woman he would like to share the rest of his life with. She was not interested in race or colour but views everyone as equal. His new Maltese in-laws, who happily own and work in a little farm in Swieqi, were very much of the same opinion as their daughter and they gave their blessings to the union. He sadly notices the tendency of most Maltese to stay at a distance from him if they do not know him. They are reluctant to see what kind of person one is and generally treat one with suspicion. Maltese should mix more freely with other societies. Contact will teach them to acknowledge the fact that, although through our conditioning, we all look at issues from a different perspective, we are basically and fundamentally the same. It would be ideal if everyone, even for a short period, could step into each other’s shoes and exchange roles. It would surely raise awareness of how discrimination, prejudice and segregation hurt the victims.

KODES SBOUI

KODES SBOUI
Born 1978 in TUNISIA
Religion: MUSLIM

Kodes arrived in Malta with a visa in May 2014. She came to Malta from Italy and invested in a small business in St. Julian’s. Since 2011, she has been married to an Italian man and they have two children, one 4 years of age and the other 2. The latter was born in Malta.

As she is still raising her children, she can only currently handle part time jobs and in fact she teaches at reduced hours at a language institution in Malta. Kodes actually has a degree in English but she found the level of education in Malta rather high when compared to that of Tunisia so she strives to continue learning in order to be competitive in the job sector.
Like most mothers, her main preoccupation is her children’s future and education. She wishes to see herself and her family building up a stable and permanent future in Malta. She is impressed by the local laws, by the Maltese who at every level of the society, are hard-working, committed and efficient in their everyday life. Kodes thinks that this is perhaps due to the fact that the Maltese have a strong civic consciousness. Her experience on the island has been a very positive one as the institutions have respected all the human rights provided by the Maltese and International laws. For Kodes, there is a good level of appreciation of human rights on the island and the government institutions she has come into contact with were efficient and helpful. There are also a good number of education programs and courses which are in place and easily attainable through the Employment Training Corporation (ETC). So help is definitely at hand for those who want and need it.

About the Maltese, she feels that although they have been willing to help her in all ways possible, they do hesitate to mix with migrants and sometimes they exclude them from social life. At times, even when migrants make the effort, they are still generally not accepted because people in Malta do not really feel the need to socialize with foreigners. In fact, she has currently enlisted her daughter for football training as she is convinced that sport is a great way of ‘breaking the ice’ and getting people to meet and learn from each other. She is frightened that if not enough is done to integrate migrants, not only through language studies and teaching the foundations of modern Maltese society, but particularly in encouraging ways for practical integration, there is the danger of isolating certain groups of migrants which can be detrimental not only to themselves but also to the island’s society as a whole. The main work needs to be put into effect during the formative years of migrant children; letting them socialise only in churches or mosques is not really the ideal solution – it is important that children mix in practical, modern, every day life scenarios that will make them feel part of a community.

Most migrants coming from third world countries might lack a basic level of education therefore it is imperative that local authorities make it a priority to empower such migrants to learn and improve any skill that might help in their future. From their part, migrants need to make the utmost of all opportunities to gain knowledge and make themselves useful in their community. It is only through this that they can build a solid future in any other country. Art, food, music and sport are surely some of the best catalysts that can make this materialise.

Finally, Kodes is thankful and encouraged as she is convinced that this island is blessed with many Maltese who have an inbred goodness in them which shines out the more one gets to know them. This makes her feel extremely positive about her family’s future in Malta.

AWELAGA ASEBA (ZSIXTEEN AWLAGA)

ZSIXTEEN AWELAGA*
Born in Ghana in 1979.
(*”Zsixteen” is a stage name – his proper name is Awelaga Aseba)
Religion: Christian

‘Zsixteen’ left Ghana in September 2001, transiting through the Niger desert into Libya, where he lived for some years whilst learning to work as a plasterer and painter. His decision to leave Ghana was economic, coupled with the fact that there was no real help or opportunity to improve his situation. Searching for a better life, together with other migrants, he crossed to Malta by boat. When they eventually reached the land, he thought it was Italy but they had actually arrived in Sliema, on the rocks at the bottom of il-Fortizza. They had lost their way and made land by following some dolphins – they knew that these would usually go close to land. It was a close shave as the boat had developed a dangerous leak, yet they managed to plug this with some bread!

He was detained at the Hal Far detention centre for 1 year, 6 months and 12 days – it was so depressing that he was counting each day! He considered it as not much better than a prison because of his lack of freedom. He states that playing football with the other inmates kept him sane. In fact, in 2010, he played with a Birkirkara 2nd division football team. All the players were migrants yet they were coached by a Maltese trainer. He had to reluctantly stop as there was no pay at all and the long training hours prevented him from working to earn a living. He actually had two appeals rejected before he was finally allowed to move to the Open Centre. When the move materialized, he tried his best to earn a meager living by washing cars and doing anything that came his way. Back home, his father had died and he needed to try to help his family as best as he could. Eventually he met a Ghanaian friend who helped him to find a job in the building trade. He also started doing some work by himself. In 2013, in Paceville, he met Ruth Xuereb, a much travelled independent Maltese girl. The two clicked right away as they share many common interests; for them their religion is important and an integral part of their lives. Zsixteen is a staunch and practicing Christian and also an active member of CYO a Roman Catholic youth organisation. Thankfully, Ruth’s parents accepted Zsixteen totally and they have been extremely supportive and helpful to both.

In Ghana, an ex-British colony, he had learnt to speak the English language and he had also studied music. Music is his passion and he is not only a singer, but writes his own music too. He is still currently doing plastering work but his dream is to be able to earn a living from his music. However he knows there is not much opportunity and that this will be difficult. He has strong views and convictions and always prefers to think positive. Zsixteen believes in working and pushing hard to achieve what he wants to reach. He is happy to live in Malta and he particularly mentions his first employer, who was extremely respectful and helpful.

Is the situation getting any better in Malta? He feels that generally it is, yet in clubs and entertainment spots he has many times experienced hostility, prejudice and discrimination. The government should support migrants more when they come out from the Open Centre as it is here that they are most in need of help. Communication is also vital for integration and this could be encouraged through many facets, even through studying and explaining the Bible. On their part, migrants should also strive to behave well and do good in order to be more appreciated in their ‘adopted’ societies. Finally, all people should realise that there are good and bad persons in all countries, races and religions.

SABRINA WERNER


SABRINA WERNER
Born 1987 in Germany
Religion: non-practicing

Sabrina is glad to have come to Malta freely and of her own choice; unlike most migrants who have had this difficult decision forced upon them due to their country’s problematic situations and limited opportunities.

She first came to Malta as a summer school student working for an NGO on a project dealing with irregular migration and refugee situations in Malta. She has a strong character and, like most young people on the continent, she was already an independent person as she had previously lived on her own. Like most parents, hers were supportive of her decision to come to Malta as long as it was what she wanted. Initially, she was rather taken aback by the stifling hot weather that she experienced on the island together with the transport problem; the main issues were the lack of information provided on how the bus routes work coupled with the irregular times of the bus service. Air pollution and rubbish also affected her adversely.

However, she was pleased at the way people treated her as, in their vast majority, they were friendly. It was an experience similar to what she had previously encountered in other cities and countries. Yet she did have a bad experience at a health centre where an attendant was rude and not at all helpful. Still, such isolated instances are not uncommon even to citizens of Malta. Eventually, Sabrina fell in love not only with the island but with her partner. It was not a light decision to come to Malta but the fact that she had a serious relationship with someone made it easier and more manageable.

Sabrina is striving to learn the Maltese language because she is looking towards employment in the social aid sector; thus communication is extremely important and necessary. She eventually intends to work with the local Richmond Foundation. She is convinced that it is imperative that migrants learn at least a bit of their host country’s language. They also need to engage with and learn more about Maltese society, customs and their way of life. Here, NGO organisations are crucial but these should act more as initial catalysts and then slowly give way, stay in the background and let persons in the community take over.
When discussing what more can be done to aid integration, she feels that events should be held even in small communities and villages. Such events should be ongoing and non-profit organisations should encourage a wider participation of individuals from local and migrant communities that come respectfully together from different cultural backgrounds in order to interact and exchange views and customs.. These gatherings are a great opportunity to bridge the gap between migrants and Maltese by aiding communication between them, not necessarily through language, but through other channels such as, music, sport, arts, history, dress and food. Projects and initiatives like these should be taken to the community and not the other way round, in this way a wider portion of the population will be reached and the risk of preaching to the converted will be minimised.

One can only have admiration at Sabrina’s determination to not only personally succeed in life but to continue contributing to society. I was pleasantly surprised to learn that she had walked for the interview held in San Anton Gardens in Attard all the way from Marsascala! That is a strong will…

NATHAN  BVUMBURAH

NATHAN BVUMBURAH
Born 1984 in Zimbabwe

Nathan came to Malta in April 2015 after applying for a two year internship with Cross Culture International Foundation, an NGO based in Malta. After successfully finishing a diploma course in IT studies in South Africa and doing voluntary work in Namibia, he wanted to expand his horizons by working in other places of the world. Gaining the internship was an ideal way of achieving this. His actual post consists of re-designing the NGO’s website and running and maintaining the various blogs and information data that are essential for an NGO to further disseminate its message. He is also in charge of network and computer maintenance.

Nathan has found living in Malta manageable although some essential things are becoming rather expensive for his limited resources. He considers himself fortunate to be able to speak English fluently and thus communicate with most people in Malta, yet he is active in trying to learn at least some basic Maltese words as he believes that communication is the key between people coming from different societal and cultural backgrounds. He is quite happy with the cost and service of Malta’s public transport although he does not use it to go to his work place as the latter is within comfortable walking distance from his home. In his spare time, he is further helping out by teaching migrant children languages and other subjects which will aid their integration and improve their future. These are being held at Floriana at the place they are residing at. He strongly believes that if people do not know at least the bare minimum of the local language or, worse still, cannot communicate in any way, they will retire in their own limited sphere or group and fail to benefit both themselves and society. It is a situation which can lead to dreaded ‘Ghettoes.’

Nathan is surprised to have encountered, even at some official NGO or governmental conferences, main public speakers who sometimes delivered their speeches in Maltese when the audience consisted of persons who did not know the language! At such meetings, there is sometimes a tendency that during networking sessions, some persons do not make the effort of communicating through a common language. It would be beneficial for everyone to make sure that during such events a language understood by all is exercised. Furthermore there also seems to be a lack of local government initiatives aimed at teaching Maltese and English language to migrants. Such schooling is commonly left to NGOs which sometimes might not really be equipped and financed enough to successfully deliver such education.

Nathan has not met any undue discrimination or hostility whilst in Malta, yet he has heard of some instances, particularly in places like Paceville, where migrants have been treated badly or violently and obviously discriminated. He stressed that it is quite important that migrants identify such areas and try their best to stay clear of them as the authorities can obviously not always be there to protect them. There are surely other places of entertainment which are not so controversial. Unfortunately he finds that there is a pre conceived approach amongst people coming from different societies, countries and religions. More concerted steps need to be taken in getting all different groups of people not to abandon their own teaching or cultural background but to start obtaining more information and knowledge on how other people live. It is vital to try and integrate through interests which are common to all, such as music, food, history and art.

Nathan is still young and he does not have any concrete plans for the future. If there is the chance of adequate employment after his internship, he is happy to stay in Malta. However what he misses most from his home country is the unrefined and unprocessed food of Zimbabwe. He is not so happy with the processed food found in western countries such as Malta. Perhaps this issue could be taken up by an entrepreneurial African migrant . . .

LAURA COPPINI

LAURA COPPINI
Born 1994 in MALTA
Religion: Catholic

Laura is a Maltese national so her outlook on migrants is coming from another totally different perspective. She is a third year Bsc student who is studying occupational therapy. Although she has involved herself in some voluntary organisations, she has no real experience in working closely with migrants yet she has a very good friendship with a black student and a Swedish girl. Laura was part of a ‘Media for Inclusion’ youth exchange project in 2015. The project brought together 60 youths from different countries, cultural, racial and religious backgrounds, to freely discuss issues related to inclusion which they felt were important. It was a great team building exercise and it drew the participants closer together as they began realising that the group had many interests in common. A Facebook group was eventually formed, which is still active to this day, keeping them in contact with each other and further enhancing ties. Direct social gatherings are extremely helpful as they spark interest in each other’s culture and cement friendships. Cultural events and food also unite people of all races and creeds. Such initiatives have for quite some time been regularly organized by some NGO groups such as SOS Malta and Cross Culture International Foundation.

Laura herself has no problem whatsoever with migrants and actually admires them for their determination and efforts. The Maltese local government seems to be helping and trying its best to handle this tricky situation which has globally impacted our world. For Laura, education is the vital key: traumatised, uneducated and emarginated people will not contribute to society and are more apt to become marginalised and discriminated or, worse still, radically inclined. On the other hand, integration can only be achieved if an effort is made from both sides – migrants and Maltese should both make a concerted effort. It is vital that already educated migrants should try to go that little extra mile in order to help nurture and educate others who have previously been denied access to education. Laura believes that learning and being able to communicate in the host country’s language is imperative and is one of the primary issues essential for integration; communication is not really possible without a common language. Migrants should make a determined effort to master important languages – particularly English – as they will find it useful even if they eventually move to another country. Laura believes that migrants should conform to the legislation of their host country and not attempt to impose the laws they were perhaps used to in their own countries.

Laura definitely feels that migrants, particularly those who have dark skin, are discriminated in Malta when it comes to job applications. If two persons have identical skills and job suitability, very often a white person is chosen over a black person. Black migrants tend to feel that most Maltese them as inferior. This seems to be more evident where older generations are concerned as local youngsters tend to be more accepting towards other cultures due to today’s mix in education, social media and the sharing of common interests. Online media is perhaps closing the gap between different societies and it makes people aware of different cultural backgrounds, customs, societies, religious beliefs and political issues. Hopefully, the internet era can be beneficial in moving people away from racism and prejudice. It is somewhat ironic, that most Maltese wholeheartedly accept migrants in sports or in the entertainment sector. This could be a factor that all sides involved in the difficult challenge of integration might do well to explore.

When reflecting about religion, Laura feels that sometimes religion can actually divide. All people, whatever their religion, need to distance themselves from fanatics in their midst and vociferously denounce senseless terrorist acts – in whatever name they are performed. Terrorism and violence breeds only hate.

KATINA MLADENOVA

KATINA MLADENOVA
Born 1984 in Bulgaria
Religion: Greek Orthodox

Katina hails from Bulgaria and her love for travel and exploration, coupled with her thirst for learning, took her to London. Like most youths in central Europe, Katina is rather independent and at 17 she had already started travelling on her own. Although she liked the multi cultural society of London, she found it prohibitively expensive to remain and thus, after two years in England, she decided to move to somewhere which was more manageable, particularly for a student’s means. During an educational fair in Bulgaria, she heard about Malta for the first time. On exploring the possibility of moving to Malta, she discovered that university fees on our island were reasonable and that the daily cost of living was within her limits. Thus, in October 2004, she came to Malta to study for a three year BA (Hons.) in International Relations and a Masters in International law. It was not plain sailing as during her initial years of residence in Malta, Bulgaria was still not part of the European Union so she could not obtain a work permit on the island.

Although young and not really thinking of settling down, after just one year she met her Maltese boyfriend, Farren and since then they have been together for eleven years. Gradually, with Bulgaria eventually becoming part of the European Union, Katina managed to find employment with a local Foundation where she stayed for five years. Subsequently, she moved on and she is currently employed with the Ministry for the Energy and Health. She is also co-founder of the Foundation for Empowering Gender Equality.

A person who has completed a thesis on cultural integration, Katina is in an ideal position to input her ideas on this controversial subject. Her main argument for better integration revolves around education. For her, it all hinges not only whether people have been educated but what kind of education has been absorbed. More educational opportunities for migrants, preferably on a par with those offered to Maltese citizens, should be encouraged. Education related to integration, for both migrants as well as Maltese born children, should start at a very early age so it can thus become ingrained in every child’s psyche. One thing which surprised her on the island is that only relatively low numbers of Maltese read meaningful literature and publications. This needs to be addressed in order to broaden a citizen’s knowledge base and encourage reflective thought.
Most foreign countries see integration in a different manner to the majority of the Maltese. Migrants should not only be helped because of humanitarian reasons but also because their skills and cultures can actually enrich local society.

She feels it is wrong to try and combine cultures into one and each society or culture should basically retain its charm and individuality. It is rather counter-productive that everyone becomes similar; the way forward is that people hailing from different backgrounds, societies, colour and religion should make a concerted effort to learn more about each other and embrace multi-culturalism not as a necessary evil but as a way towards a better empowered society. Segregation should be avoided at all costs and one of the most vital issues that need to be surmounted is the language barrier. If migrants are not ‘fast tracked’ into learning how to communicate, there is the danger of marginalisation. Time for such monumental changes is obviously necessary but through small, yet positive steps, improvement can be attained. Katina dislikes carelessness and egoism in society and each individual should do his/her best to become more considerate of other persons. Carelessness is not an easy mentality to eradicate. Some people are unwilling to change as they are comfortable and unaffected by the status quo.

The questionnaire

To gain more information on this issue, a Questionnaire was formulated and sent out to Maltese nationals. The findings can be downloaded from this Link:

MSD Questionnaire

Further information on this project:
http://kevincasha.com/blog/beyond-borders-perspectives-on-migration/


ALL MATERIAL IN THIS BLOG IS COPYRIGHTED © Kevin Casha AND CANNOT BE USED WITHOUT PERMISSION.
kevincasha@kevincasha.com

BEYOND BORDERS – Perspectives on migration

BEYOND BORDERS – Perspectives on migration

A project by Kevin Casha

In Malta, it is increasingly difficult to move away from the discourse on migration and integration. The island’s location, as one British writer once put it “the navel of the Mediterranean.” No one can deny that this “navel” is in the centre of a controversial maelstrom which, unfortunately, has become an endless issue with hot debate between various camps and factions.
It is a fact that Europe has an aging population and that a crisis scenario looms whereas not enough workers will be employed in European countries to sustain the straining financial requirements of pensions. However, most Europeans look at migrants only as a burden and most politicians, caught between their vote catching priorities, seem to be unable to legislate solidly and efficiently on this massive movement and displacement of humanity.

The Questionnaire

The Questionnaire

Who can blame a person for choosing to better one’s life? Are we not all born with at least the right of improving the life of ourselves and our loved ones? Who can stay in a country where the only choice is enslavement, disease, misery and, many times, death? All these thoughts and others kept churning around my brain and led me to try and explore the situation through a practical and hopefully unbiased manner that everyone can understand.

Setting up at MCVS. The exhibition will be touring various venues.

Setting up at MCVS. The exhibition will be touring various venues.

Setting Up at MCVS

Setting Up at MCVS

Beyond Borders is an attempt to look into the positive aspects of migration and avoid the dark, pessimistic narratives that the media very often dishes out. Naturally, my medium is photography so I wanted to use a genre of art that I am comfortable with. I also wanted to investigate the inner thoughts of the migrants’ stay on our island; how they arrived here; how they have been received; how they have made ends meet and how many of them have actually managed to become part of Maltese society. Moreover, I wanted to record their progress on the island as most of them are already doing their part in the local economy and towards society. In a world which is increasingly becoming globalised and multi-cultural, the sooner that societies manage to integrate migrants is vital for the benefit of all current and future generations. For sure, every race, nation and religion has its fanatics and these will never unfortunately disappear however, let us not forget the many examples were integration of migrants has been successful…. What about the Indian community in Britain; what about the Turks in Germany; what about America – a country whose strength is through its diversity?

Beyond Borders

Beyond Borders

Tackling this project has also made me realise my own weaknesses, perhaps my prejudice, and my failure to see the “other side of the coin.” I feel that he journey has made me a better man, has shown me that it is only through sincere communication and dialogue that bridges are built. Integration is definitely not a one-way issue but an issue in which all sides need to do their part. Building bridges that aid integration will safeguard host countries from forcing migrants into isolation or “ghettoes” which can only eventually flare up.

Some of the participants in Beyond Borders

Some of the participants in Beyond Borders

It is also the responsible, yet understandably difficult job of those who are in power to identify and implement legislation which addresses these huge problems – without being influenced by commercial gain, greed and inhumanity.

logos jpg

Note:
I would like to thank two persons who have made this project possible, namely Alec Douglas and Daniel Vassallo, both from Cross Culture International. Without their ongoing help, this project would have never materialised. Naturally, I must thank all the contributing sponsors and, most of all, the persons who accepted to be interviewed and be part of “Beyond Borders.”
Their importance necessitates that I mention each and everyone by their name:

ENDELEY KONBOYE
JOSEPH JNR. ONONUJU
LAURA COPPINI
DANIELLE VAN ROOYEN
DOUNIA BORG
KATINA MLADENOVA
KODES SBOUI
SABRINA WERNER
ADAM GISMALLA
GISELLA ORSINI
MARYGRACE CANNAO
MATIFADZA NYAMUKAPA
NATHAN BVUMBURAH
SAMPSON YEBOAH
STEPHEN EGBO
UMAYMA ELAMIN
VANJA VAJAGIC
AWELAGA ASEBA (ZSIXTEEN AWLAGA)

Beyond Borders

To view the interviews and the Questionnaire linked to this project see: http://kevincasha.com/blog/beyond-borders-the-storytelling/

The Fine Art photography of Nadette Clare-Talbot Bettridge

I recently had the opportunity to meet talented South African photographer Nadette Clare-Talbot Bettridge at Le Meridien Hotel in St. Julian’s, where she is holding her photographic exhibition. “Lacey & Lace” is a collection of works, exquisitely printed and framed in large format having a subject that revolves around the delicate structure and texture of lace and feminine beauty. In this exhibition, Nadette has actually tackled two separate genres of photography and managed to cleverly link and combine them together. Nadette is essentially a highly skilled fashion photographer with an impressive portfolio of works behind her. The work in Lacey & Lace is paired in ‘sets’ of two: a beauty female very fashionable portrait and a studied still life that complements the same portrait. Nadette’s photography background is in conventional film and the discipline that years of film photography has instilled in her is evident; her work is planned, studied and skilfully executed clearly demonstrating her schooling and wide experience in the photography medium.

© Nadette Clare-Talbot Bettridge

© Nadette Clare-Talbot Bettridge

© Nadette Clare-Talbot Bettridge

© Nadette Clare-Talbot Bettridge

Following is Nadette’s concept:

Lacey & Lace the idea behind it
The concept for this exhibition was born from my love of lace and my passion for beauty and stills photography. I wanted to do something that merged the two and so the idea came about to work on 18 pieces accentuating lace as the common theme throughout the images, incorporating a DPS (double-page spread) approach. From my years of shooting for magazines, I found that I instinctively visualized my imagery in a double page layout – so I wanted to echo that idea in my exhibition by creating images in a 2-part story.
I photographed 9 beauty portraits each exploring a different theme and flavour, and then expanded the concepts further by shooting a complementary still for each model. The images will be viewed in pairs, but can still exist as pieces in their own right.
From the onset, my aim was to create images that were extremely textured and layered. As lace is the common thread, I explored the concept by integrating lace in the styling aspects of the subject matter, and then layering the images digitally afterwards by incorporating scanned-in pieces of lace. It is my hope that the photographed lace and scanned lace are not obviously differentiated from one other, but viewed blended to create the layered effect.
The final pieces are printed on canvas at 80 x 120cm each, to fully appreciate the layered textures.
Each beauty portrait is titled by incorporating the girls name Lacey, and each complementary still using the word Lace.

Nadette Clare-Talbot Bettridge Email: nadettephoto@melita.com Mobile: 9935 6592

© blog – KEVIN CASHA

© Nadette Clare-Talbot Bettridge

© Nadette Clare-Talbot Bettridge

© Nadette Clare-Talbot Bettridge

© Nadette Clare-Talbot Bettridge

FUSION – A collaboration through photography

FUSION – a collaboration through photography

“And my aim in my life is to make pictures and drawings, as many and as well as I can; then, at the end of my life, I hope to pass away, looking back with love and tender regret, and thinking, ‘Oh, the pictures I might have made!’”
Vincent van Gogh

Photography is an international language which empowers people hailing from diverse societal and cultural backgrounds to communicate through imagery. This exhibition, a collaboration between renowned Chinese photographer Zeng Yi and Malta’s Joseph P. Smith, demonstrates the close relationships which can be forged through persons who share the same artistic passions and interests. Great images need neither captions nor descriptions when, through their content, they can communicate a message, a mood or a feeling. No matter how differently human beings relate to photographs, images can bring distant cultures together. This is what makes photography so powerful and what today’s image makers should never lose sight of. Producing “pretty pictures” is fine but how much more valid are photographs that can influence and impact viewers?

© Zeng Yi

© Zeng Yi

© Zeng Yi

© Zeng Yi

© Zeng Yi

© Zeng Yi

The work of Zeng Yi and Joseph P. Smith clearly illustrate the power that this photography has: of enabling us to gain an insight into the lives of the ‘protagonists’ captured in their photographs – people who are different and remote from us but who we can magically relate through carefully and cleverly executed imagery. Although the work of these two photographers differs in subject yet the human content and sensitivity of their photographs is more than evident and cements their imagery together. The quality and variety of the works in this exhibition propels viewers towards an interesting experience of aesthetic as well as informative journey.

© Joe P. Smith

© Joe P. Smith

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‘Fusion’ brings together a fine selection of photographs mainly from China and Malta. The project extends the valid interaction between Chinese and Maltese photographers spurred on by the China Culture Centre in Malta and aided through the collaboration of the Malta Institute of Professional Photography and the Spazju Kreattiv at St. James Cavalier.

Kevin Casha 2016
Exhibition Curator.

THE PERILS OF INTERNET

The Perils of internet….

The recent bad experience of one of my students made me reflect on problems when buying from the internet. Naturally, there are bargains to be had and many reputable buyers and, furthermore, at times we are forced to buy from internet as some products are not readily available from local distributors. Yet, I think we need to be aware of a few pointers which I would like to mention here when making online purchases:

• You are not seeing the product you are buying at point of purchase. This introduces the risk of being sold a damaged, shop-soiled or even counterfeit item, and the risk of damage during transit due to insufficient packing, rough handling or similar. Beware of deals that seem too good to be true – sometimes that cheap battery, lens or camera case will prove very expensive in the end.

• Products sold on EU websites are not necessarily tax-paid in the EU. This exposes you to the risk of having to pay an extra 5.1% duty and 18% VAT on the item you purchase upon clearance through Malta customs.

• Most manufacturers have different warranty schemes for world regions. A product marketed by a manufacturer for sale in the Far East or US is not normally covered by their EU-wide warranty. Internet sites are not obliged to specify where they buy their products from and don’t often specify whether the product they are selling is covered by the manufacturer’s EU warrenty scheme or not.

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• Furthermore, claiming a repair or replacement under warranty requires a document, showing signature and stamp of the seller together with the serial number of the equipment being claimed and the date of sale. You don’t normally get this document when purchasing camera equipment on the internet unless you specifically ask for it. Local distributors in Malta will require this document to get reimbursed by the manufacturer for any warranty claim they honour, so it is understandable for them to insist on an original, signed document of sale as part of your warranty claim.

• Counterfeit goods. This is a growing problem globally. The selling of high cost counterfeit goods on the internet can be a costly exercise. Never buy cut price big name brands unless you are confident of the outlets authenticity. Rogue websites. As well as counterfeit goods there are criminal gangs out there who produce web sites which look like reputable retailers which are in fact designed to steal your payment details and or identity. They look just like the real thing and are often sites you have used before. Always make sure you type in the address yourself and never follow links from emails or even other web sites.

Naturally, I have researched the above information and I hope that this will enable you to better evaluate circumstances when you contemplate your next purchase. Good luck!

THE VANISHING MALTA PROJECT

An APS Bank Project

Vanishing Malta

The idea behind the three year project is to raise consciousness on social issues captured through photography. The chosen theme for this year is Vanishing Malta and aims to ‘freeze’ in time several characteristics that belong to the present or past, interpret them through the eyes of five photographers and thus convey them to all future viewers.

BOOK COVER

BOOK COVER

The photographers were selected on a number of criteria including their passion for the medium, their technical background and a creative eye to portray the given subject. To encourage cultural diversity and integration, two foreign photographers were engaged, namely Tomoko Goto from Japan and Anastasia Zhukova Rizzo from Latvia, in order to garner a foreign view of how Malta is perceived. Martin Agius, a well-established photojournalist brings professionalism and experience to the group, whilst Lorraine Abela and Mark Pace, who are both young and have recently gained their Higher National Diploma in photography, round up the group with their enthusiasm and contemporary conceptual outlook.

one of the images exhibited at APS Bank in Swatar

one of the images exhibited at APS Bank in Swatar

The Vanishing Malta publication would not have been possible without the help of the writers who penned in the text, the APS Marketing Unit and Midsea Books, who were responsible for the design and printing. Finally, I would like to sincerely thank the APS Bank Management for making this idea materialize. The Bank has always believed in increasing awareness and pride about our heritage and has regularly been at the forefront of the art scene by encouraging local art and artists to pursue their talent. APS Bank’s belief in photographic art is extremely beneficial not only for local photographers but also for enabling the general public to further appreciate and cherish our inimitable heritage.
I hope that visitors to the Vanishing Malta exhibition and readers of this book are stimulated to think deeper into what makes our beloved little island what it is today.

Kevin Casha 2016
Exhibition Curator and Book Editor

Update – Out of the Blue

Out of the Blue International Photography Competition & Exhibition

During the recent CHOGM events, the OUT OF THE BLUE PHOTOGRAPHY exhibition was inaugurated at the MarItime Museum in Vittoriosa by HRH Prince Charles. The opening brought to fruition the work of many months which included the preparation of rules, launching and promotion, the judging, preparation of exhibition boards and the collating of a publication. All this was a great opportunity to showcase the value and importance of our blue planet and raise awareness around all Commonwealth countries on the value of our seas. A vast area of our global ocean lies within the jurisdiction of Commonwealth countries. More than half of Commonwealth countries are islands, to whom ocean matters are of vital importance.

 HRH Prince Charles delivering his opening speech

HRH Prince Charles delivering his opening speech

Through the work of Kevin Casha, MIPP President, Malta had a substantial entry and local photographers left an excellent impression with the international judges. Two MIPP members had their works amongst the finalists: Joe P. Smith and Nick D’Ancona’s images are also exhibited in the Maritime exhibition. Furthermore, other work, mainly coming from the photographic section of Atlam Subacqua Club, in Malta, was close to making it to the final selection. The competition’s overall winner was Ms Ashley Wee, from Canada with a photograph of a sea turtle taken in the Bahamas. Ms Wee attended the exhibition’s inauguration.

MIPP President Kevin Casha together with the overall winner, Ms Ashley Wee

MIPP President Kevin Casha together with the overall winner, Ms Ashley Wee

The Out of the Blue competition, exhibition and book were made possible by the partnering organisations which were The Prince of Wales’s International Sustainability Unit, The Royal Commonwealth Society, National Geographic Pristine Seas, the CHOGM Taskforce and the Malta Institute of Professional Photography. Kevin Casha himself was instrumental for the success of this event as he was not only one of the Judges but also Picture Editor and Exhibition Coordinator. The exhibition is open to the general public from the 28th November to the 11th of December 2015.

Protecting our seas …

Protecting our seas…

Recently, I was honoured by being invited to be part of the selection panel for the OUT OF THE BLUE Prince of Wales’ Commonwealth Environmental Photography Awards. The competition, held under the auspices of HRH the Prince of Wales, aimed at encouraging Commonwealth Citizens to showcase the beauty and bounty of oceans and marine environments.

The judges’ task was to select the winners of each competition category as well as the images which have been eventually exhibited in Malta during the November Commonwealth CHOGM event. The judging panel consisted of a further three judges coming mainly from environmental backgrounds. All the judges’ CV’s are highly impressive and, apart from their vast experience, are all photographers in their own right. Besides myself, the group consisted of Terence Dormer, a diver and founder of the British Sub Aqua club; Hanli Prinsloo – multiple South African free diving record holder and founder of the I AM WATER Ocean Conservation project; and Daniel Beltra – a Spanish born photographer working from Seattle who specialises in aerial environmental photography.

The publication which accompanies the exhibition in Malta.

The publication which accompanies the exhibition in Malta.

The judging, held at the prestigious St James Palace in London, was not an easy task, with nearly 900 entries coming from all ends of the Commonwealth. The works were under different themes and categories with one category for under 18 participants as well as a Mobile Phone category. This was also another opportunity for me to learn more about selection processes and the organization of judging panels. Naturally the work, coming from so many different areas of the commonwealth as well as the cultural diversity of the participants, made for different levels and standards of entries – there were the obviously top notch images coming from professional photographers and then entries from hobbyists and youths. It made for a very intriguing mix of images. I could not help notice that some of the work was of the documentary side – just recording a scene or a holiday snapshot – yet other images had an important message as well as an obvious thematic involvement by the photographer. It was also curious that the weakest section was the mobile category. With the use and proliferation of mobile phones, I would have expected much stronger images in this section.

From a personal point, it was also a pleasure that recent efforts of myself and the MIPP to work with Atlam sub aqua club photographers are paying off. I successfully encouraged them to put in their impressive work for this competition. In fact, the Malta entry was noticeable and a good number of works left a good impression on the experienced judging panel.

© Kevin Casha